Here is a list of questions and answers that you might be wondering either about Clean Green Cambodia or Sustainability in Cambodia in general. If you don’t find what you are looking for, don’t hesitate to drop us a line.
Cambodia has country-wide waste management laws (it introduced for instance a decree on waste management in 2015 that penalises anyone burning waste from 10,000 riel (2.50 $) to 200,000 riel (50$)). However, each municipality has the responsibility to manage its own waste. The municipalities often partner with waste management companies, such as GAEA in Siem Reap who collect waste from households, business, or events against a fee. The sorting of waste at the facilities depends on the waste management company: for instance in Siem Reap, GAEA separate plastic bottles to give to waste pickers. However, other waste such as organic or glass waste are not currently being sorted in the city, but is planned to be sorted in the near future. Thus, for the moment it might better to sort out such waste individually (compost organic waste in your garden, reuse glass bottles) before they are being picked up so that they can be put to good use.
Waste pickers have informally collected aluminium (metal can), plastic bottles (only those with no recycled plastic) and cardboard to sell them to recycling companies in neighbourhood countries such as Vietnam or Thailand. Waste pickers are often children or women coming from very poor families and goes around the villages and cities to collect waste. They come to restaurants, bars, and might come to households as well to collect the waste, or you might need to ask them first if you see them in the street. They often pay to collect waste (for instance 100 riel per metal can).
Other items than plastic bottles, cardboard and metal cans are not easily recycled. However, you can find organisations in Siem Reap, Phnom Penh or Battambang that recycle other items (such as plastic bags that are used by Rehash Trash in Siem Reap to make bags, coaters and other items).
This depends on the city. In Siem Reap there is currently no composting facilities where you can give your food scrap away. Why don’t you start composting yourself? You only need a place to put the compost, a compost bin (if it’s in your garden you don’t even need a compost bin and can put the food scrap on the ground), green manure (leaves, branches, etc.), soil (which can be found in gardening shop, or just in your garden if you put the compost on the ground) and your food scrap (all food waste except cooked meals, cheese ,fish and meat to not attract pest). You can read more here for the easiest composting process if you have space in your garden. If you don’t have space to put it on the ground, you can have a compost bin (and then use the compost for your plants). Find out more here.
Most cosmetics are being tested on animals to ensure the biocomptability of the products with human skin. While countries worldwide are trying to ban animal testing of cosmetics and other personal products, other countries such as China still requires animal testing for most products. As a result, companies that are selling in China are for the most part involved in animal testing. In Cambodia, we are not aware of companies selling cosmetics that are non tested on animals.